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Author Townshend, Charles

Common Titl When God made hell
Title Desert hell : the British invasion of Mesopotamia / Charles Townshend

Publ Info Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011
 PC  D568.5 .T68 2011    AVAILABLE
 RWU Main Library  D568.5 .T68 2011    AVAILABLE
 Salve Main Collection  D568.5 .T68 2011    AVAILABLE
 URI  D568.5 .T68 2011    AVAILABLE
Descript xxiv, 591 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
text rdacontent
unmediated rdamedia
volume rdacarrier
Note Originally published as: When God made hell. London : Faber, 2010
Includes bibliographical references (p. 555-561) and index
Contents Basra. Into Mesopotamia -- 'An unexpected stroke' -- Turks and Indians -- Basra -- 'Conciliating the Arabs' -- Qurna -- 'Morally responsible to humanity and to civilization' -- 'One of the decisive battles of the world' -- Townshend's regatta -- Up the Euphrates -- To Kut -- Kut. To Baghdad? -- To Salman Pak -- Ctesiphon -- Retreat -- Under seige -- To the rescue -- Marking time -- Flood and famine -- Dujaila : the second battle for Kut -- Failure -- Surrender -- Baghdad. Policy paralysed: Egypt v. India -- Administration and punishment -- Retooling the army -- Captivity -- Inquiry -- Maude's offensive: the third battle for Kut -- Baghdad at last -- Maude's moment -- Mosul. Northern exposure -- Maude's end -- Strengthening the hold -- Caucasian fantasies -- Victory -- Self-determination? -- Retrenchment -- Rebellion -- Kingdom come -- Kurdistan for the Kurds? -- The world decides
Note The U.S.-led conquest and occupation of Iraq have kept that troubled country in international headlines since 2003. For America's major Coalition ally, Great Britain, however, this latest incursion into the region played out against the dramatic backdrop of imperial history: Britain's fateful invasion of Mesopotamia in 1914 and the creation of a new nation from the shards of war. The objectives of the expedition sent by the British Government of India were primarily strategic: to protect the Raj, impress Britain's military power upon Arabs chafing under Ottoman rule, and secure the Persian oil supply. But over the course of the Mesopotamian campaign, these goals expanded, and by the end of World War I Britain was committed to controlling the entire region from Suez to India. The conquest of Mesopotamia and the creation of Iraq were the central acts in this boldly opportunistic bid for supremacy. Charles Townshend provides a compelling account of the atrocious, unnecessary suffering inflicted on the expedition's mostly Indian troops, which set the pattern for Britain's follow-up campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan over the next seven years. He chronicles the overconfidence, incompetence, and dangerously vague policy that distorted the mission, and examines the steps by which an initially cautious strategic operation led to imperial expansion on a vast scale. Desert Hell is a cautionary tale for makers of national policy. And for those with an interest in imperial history, it raises searching questions about Britain's quest for global power and the indelible consequences of those actions for the Middle East and the world. -- Book Description
LC subject World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- Iraq
Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- Iraq
Iraq -- Foreign relations -- Great Britain
Iraq -- History -- 20th century
Link Online version: Townshend, Charles. When God made hell. Desert hell. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011 (OCoLC)768089932
ISBN 9780674059993 (cloth : alk. paper)
0674059999 (cloth : alk. paper)